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اساس کار جعبه لایتنر

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اساس کار جعبه لایتنر

این وسیله توسط محقق اتریشی سباستین لایتنر طراحی شده و مطالب را از حافظه کوتاه مدت شما به حافظه بلند مدت منتقل می نماید. یادگیری به کمک این روش شما را از تکرار مطالب بی نیاز می سازد. همین امر یادگیری را شیرین و جذاب می کند. این وسیله بر اساس تجارب روان شناسی و تربیتی زیر طراحی شده است:
اولا- اگر انسان یک مطلب یا مفهوم را به خوبی فرا بگیرد بعد از یک روز تا یک هفته تقریباً ۴۵% آن را فراموش می کند و بعد از یک ماه ۸۰% آن فراموش می شود. به این ترتیب فقط ۲۰% مطلب وارد حافظه درازمدت می شود.
جعبه لایتنر، برنامه را به گونه ای تنظیم می کند تا با بیشترین تکرار در قسمت خطرناک منحنی فراموشی ، مطالب به حافظه دراز مدت هدایت شود.
دوما- بر اساس قانون یادگیری اسکینر، هرگاه بعد از هر عملی پاداش دریافت شود، انجام آن عمل تشدید خواهد شد. امتیاز بیشتر، پاداش موفقیت در بازی است. این امتیاز شما را علاقمند می کند تا کماکان، با شدت بیشتری به بازی ادامه دهید.
⇐ این خاصیت در جعبه یادگیری لایتنر استفاده شده است، یعنی فرد تنها زمانی به قسمت بعدی می رود که مطلب را آموخته باشد، این عمل درست مانند امتیاز دادن، فرد را به ادامه فرایند یادگیری تشویق می کند.
مزایای سه گانه استفاده از جعبه لایتنر
اول- از تکرارهای غیر ضروری جلوگیری می کند
  • شما برای آنکه مطلبی را از حافظه کوتاه مدت به بلند مدت منتقل کنید نیازمند تکرارهای مکرر هستید.
  • وقتی صفحه ای را برای چندمین بار مطالعه می کنید، مجبورید مطالبی را نیز که قبلا آموخته‌اید مجددا مرور کنید.
  • در صورتی که دیگر لزومی به تکرار نیست و تکرار بی جهت آنها باعث اتلاف وقت و انرژی، بی حوصلگی و در نتیجه دل زدگی شما می شود.
  • جعبه لایتنر فقط مطالب چموش و رام نشدنی را شکار کرده و ما را وادار به تکرار آنها می کند.
دوم- هیچ اختلالی در کار یادگیری ایجاد نمی کند.
  • اگر شما روند یادگیری را برای مدتی رها سازید، هیچ اختلالی در کار یادگیری ایجاد نمی شود.
  • جز آنکه مجبور می شوید کارت‌ها را بار دیگر مرور کنید.
  • توصیه ما این است که کار را به طور منظم ادامه دهید.
سوم-امتیاز گیری و مشاهده موفقیت
  • با گرفتن امتیاز و مشاهده پیوسته موفقیت، یادگیری برای شما از عملی خسته کننده به یک بازی لذت بخش و دلنشین تبدیل می شود.
  • مشاهده می کنید که امتیاز و پیشروی در گرو تلاش و جدیت است.
توجه کنید…
این روش را می توانید برای به خاطرسپاری لغات زبان انگلیسی و فارسی و یا هر فرمول یا مطالب درسی فراری كه می خواهید به خاطر بسپارید به كار گیرید.
هر موضوع یادگرفتنی را روی یك برگ كاغذ (فیش) بنویسید.
دقت كنید كه روی هر فیش تنها یك موضوع یادگرفتنی نوشته شود.
⇐ یعنی سوال را در یك روی كاغذ و جواب آن را در روی دیگر برگه می نویسید.

این مقالات را به ترتیب و باهم بخوانید:
  1. اساس کار «جعبه لایتنر»- کلیک کنید
  2. معجزه ای بنام «جعبه لایتنر»– کلیک کنید
  3. گام به گام «جعبه لایتنر»- کلیک کنید

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